Mamaroneck has a long and rich history that goes back to the 17th century. On September 23, 1661, John Richbell, a London merchant living in Oyster Bay, purchased the land on which the Town of Mamaroneck, Village of Mamaroneck, and Village of Larchmont are presently situated from the Siwanoy Indians. During the American Revolution, a small battle took place on Heathcote Hill. During the War of 1812, a British naval vessel shelled Mamaroneck. More recently, during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Mamaroneck saw an influx of immigrants from Germany, Ireland, Italy, and other European countries. By that time, the area was defined by farming, fishing, lumbering, milling, and then manufacturing. Today, the area remains largely residential with a diverse population, a flourishing small business community, and stunning views of the Long Island Sound.